Lecture on Movements #1,2&3

INDUSTRIAL  REVOLUTION

The idea behind the industrial revolution was to enable the company’s to produce quicker and more efficiently. Henry ford the founder of ford, introduced the conveyor belt 1913 for his Ford motor company. The sudden increase of work in the larger city’s, meant that people had to move into very cramped living spaces, this lead to be a very dirty and very contagious place to live.

Somewhat before this, London began to show off what they could do through advertising, and design was a new concept at this time, and became very important over the next few years, and they took great pride in showcasing this through great exhibitions.

Inside the Crystal Palace during the great exhibition in London.

Inside the Crystal Palace during the great exhibition in London.

Moreover, some of the inventions that impressed me at the end of the 18th century and through to the turn of the century were;

1879 – Electric light Bulbs – made by connecting copper wire to the electric battery making the copper glow red. This was the first step to inventing the light bulb.

A magnificent invention of the 1

A magnificent invention of the 18th century.

1883 – Synthetic Fiber, made from plant cellulose, which has been a crucial development for the clothing, interior fabrics and all synthetic materials that we have today.

1888- Photobox Camera, which for me, the invention of capturing a moment in life is remarkable.

first camera

and last but not least…

1905 – Einsteins Theory of relativity.

quote-when-forced-to-summarize-the-general-theory-of-relativity-in-one-sentence-time-and-space-and-albert-einstein-383106

MODERNISM

The modernists believed in looking forward in cultural and art forms. They begun to believe less in god and more in the power of man an what man could produce, and in 1914 the first corporate logo’s came about.   Company’s were now adding visuals to their name and brand, which was a step forward in terms of design.  Had design only just begun to come on the rise, Peter Behrens was the worlds first industrial designer, who designed the factories for the production. He was known for designing product with a harmony between form and function, so it not only did the job well, but it also looked sophisticated.

These are two examples of modernist interiors. They excluded the styles before and in instead designed things based on function and form. This created stylistic sleek and a spacious variation of objective and purpose.

These are two examples of modernist interiors. They excluded the styles before and in instead designed things based on function and form. This created stylistic sleek and a spacious variation of objective and purpose.

MODERN AESTHETICS 

  • They reacted against decorative excesses and opted for simplistic function.
  • Abstraction favored over figurative in the forms of pure shapes.
  • Simplicity inspired minimalism.
  • What they were making they perceived as a new strive towards perfection.
  • They believed that with reason logic and truth you were left with things that were purer and true.
  • Perfectibility of man, and no longer, god.

FUTURISM

Italian design went completely against modernism quite aggressively. Obsessed with speed, noise and power they designed products intended to excite. They believed that it was their duty to create the finest city for man, and they believed the way to do this was for it to be like a machine. I believe machinery can help and hinder modern man, to help with strenuous tasks and to make living smoother I believe this way of thinking is modern and profound, but again, too much mechanic assistance can take away the beauty of humans making their marks on things, with a risk of things becoming too ordered and controlled.

During 1914 we saw mans machinery take turn on its inventors as we caused mass destruction and death from huge killing machine’s designed for war. Tanks guns and heavy weaponry were essential to win, and this heavy blast of conflict, metal and blood shed, did not defer the people from the idea of producing bigger, better and faster weapons .. and the aftermath of the huge Spanish flu epidemic killed twice as many people as the war itself, and this unfortunately lead to the great depression.

POLITICAL IDEOLOGY

Right Wing Ideology

  • Believing only the powerful and successful people should survive.
  • Extremely racist groups such as the KKK, BNP and the Nazi’s.
  • Capitalism – the country’s trade are owned privately for profit, to make money from share holders.

Left Wing Ideology

  • Believing in sharing of resources amongst all people
  • Communism, is a more extreme form of this ideology, believing that the state should rule over all aspects of life, resulting in social organisation and lack of free will almost.

Artists were repelled by the slaughter and they turned to art as a way of rebuilding spirits, art has beautiful way of repairing wounds, elevating spirits and exhailing life back into our world..

THE DADA

This artists movement was a kickstart back into the art world, and without this movement, art would have not undergone a limit free state that it is in today. The dads’s produced shock art and made fun of the war, this humerus ‘ridicules’ form of art got people over the world thinking.

The work of the Dada was thought provoking and at the tie very raw and disturbing art, as it depicted things of the imagination rather than real life which people were used to seeing. It was a joke of the war to make people see how ridicules it was.

#2 LECTURE

BOUHOUSE

The Bouhouse was a design school, made specifically to teach all aspects of design. It was the first design school ever made and it was built in 1919 one year after the world war. The manifesto of the Bouhouse was to create and design buildings of the future. They believed that all children should learn a craft to help progress and develop our world into a more futuristic and ‘ideal’ state. They believed that they were building the future and that all buildings should be designed specifically to shape and design life and our environment in a new sociable and responsible way.

The bouhouse had some new innervation when it comes to design, for instance they were the first to use windows as corners in architecture, this attempt to be impossible due to how standard structure was laid out.

This is a photograph of the bouhouse; the very first design school.

This is a photograph of the bouhouse; the very first design school.

New York was a modern metropolis, a beautiful skeleton of steel, and one of the most icnic modernism buildings in new york is the Seagram building designed by Meis van Der Rohe which is a 38 story office construction. It is a simplistically elegant structure that looks the part in the concrete jungle of New York. 

Inside it was the eye for modernism. Sleek sophisticated and balanced. Modernism has a way of making things appear clean, fresh and formal, with a stylish and contemporary twist. So much so that many modernist interiors would not look out of place even today. New York was greatly inspired by art Deco at this time, and in some buildings today the grant interiors still stay Deco.

Post war recovery time, capitalism was about, capitalism was all about the buying and selling of good to create profits. The companies buy shares and hope to make a profit by selling the goods, but one man Named Mathew Fuller was against capitalism, and believed in designing for need rather than for profits. He believed in ethical reasoning and doing things to help satisfy peoples needs rather than using advertising as a way of getting people to buy things they did not need.

He was a designer and designed the Endymion car number three, which was designed to carry more people at once. The design is streamline and extremely quirky. I am a fan of economical designs and I believe more designs should have progressed into the future more, but perhaps they have, in the forms of bus’s and trains… But im still hoping for a more economical solution.

Post World War I life was not a pleasant sight, destruction chaos and depression swept over Germany leaving inflation through the roof. People could not afford basics and luxury were worthless. Germany was a sad place to be during this time. Many died through starvation and due to inflation, a carton of milk would have cost a whole wheelbarrow full of money, meaning it would be cheaper to wallpaper your house with money than it would to buy wallpaper. From this very low time, peoples morals were down, and this is when Hitler rose from Germany’s ashes, and promised a new life that would rule and be great. One can often wonder how so many people followed his ideology, but Germany had no hope, and were easily brainwashed into the chance of a greater life.

But good will always conquer evil!

And a good heart will always be te strongest, as the Marshal plan set out from great Britain with America to help rebuild Germany, with the hopes of respect coming into place, and to make them peaceable. This is an extremely noble design of our country to make, and it is peace keeping spirits like this that need to be enlightened onto our earth more, as violence is never the answer.

But after the world war II countries got scared of their vulnerability and the east lead to MAD which is mutually assured destruction, where military strategy is used for both fear and protection. The use of these huge destructive appoliptic weapons are designed to stop other countries from using similar weapons and as a form of defense for if they choose to do so.

This is terrifying. To know that if their ever should be a 3rd Word War involving enough or a certain few countries that we could be facing a complete wipe of our inhabitants and an end to our planet we call earth, but I believe evolution is necessary, and reoccurring, we evolve to the point of self destruction, although sad and unnecessary, true and disappointing.

This video is astonishing. Its amazing to believe how many possible times we would have been blown to pieces and we haven’t is remarkable. This video clearly shows just how many bombs and nuclear weaponry is being constantly made transported and tested constantly…

I don’t want to be around when things do go wrong.

POST WAR BRITAIN

Bombed out and left in a terrible state for around 6 years we were shattered, we lived with no construction no colour and no spirit in our country. Until finally we decided to call all our troupes back from war in other countries and we wanted them to come back to a country designed for everyone. A harmonious country where the average man could enjoy luxuries and live in an equal state. We brought in the NHS and The welfare state, that many under appreciate now, but the benefits of these are worldly.  After achieving such greatness the refurbishment, Britain celebrated with ceremonies and great exhibitions, we were officially, a Great Britain. And further on from modernism, post modernism splashed us back into vitality, using colour and organic form to create a harmonious space, that couldn’t be further from the war.

Citations and References

World’s fairs in London (no date) Available at: http://www.snipview.com/q/World’s_Fairs_in_London (Accessed: 5 November 2015).

(no date) Available at: http://www.bulbs.com/learning/history.asp (Accessed: 5 November 2015).

First electric light bulb (no date) Available at: https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=first+electric+light+bulb&espv=2&biw=1242&bih=606&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAWoVChMI6IqO–H0yAIVQkcaCh1Y6AMH#imgrc=1_7r13dl6cajiM%3A (Accessed: 5 November 2015).

Modernist interior | her indoors (2011) Available at: http://www.her-indoors.com/interiors/blogs-that-rock-and-why/attachment/modernist-interior/ (Accessed: 5 November 2015).

(no date) Available at: http://www.knightfoundation.org/blogs/knightblog/2014/4/10/bauhaus-model-and-myth/ (Accessed: 5 November 2015).

First electric light bulb (no date) Available at: https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=first+electric+light+bulb&espv=2&biw=1242&bih=606&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAWoVChMI6IqO–H0yAIVQkcaCh1Y6AMH#imgrc=1_7r13dl6cajiM%3A (Accessed: 5 November 2015).

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